STAYING HYDRATED ON THE WORK SITE

August 1st, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

Heat related illnesses are a serious hazard on industrial work sites, especially outdoors during summer months.

With temperatures in some locales soaring past 100 degrees Fahrenheit, the need for workers to stay hydrated is a constant concern. Because industrial workers are also exposed to operational hazards, many are required to wear personal protective equipment (PPE). However, multiple layers of stifling equipment combined with high heat environments can create potentially fatal situations. Under these circumstances the risk of dehydration increases dramatically, which can negatively impact the ability to maintain focus, posture, and function on the job. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the body has roughly 2.6 million sweat glands, and for workers to replace lost fluids, they should drink water every fifteen minutes.

So, what should managers and employers do to keep their employees protected from dehydration?

Keeping cool in high heat environments

OSHA suggests that workers who are exposed to temperatures between 103- and 115-degrees drink four cups of water (one quart) per hour. Furthermore, if workers are exposed to direct sunlight, the heat index can rise another 15 degrees, making it even more important to stay hydrated. Water is the preferred choice of beverage over soft drinks or coffee, because caffeine depletes electrolytes more quickly and causes dehydration to worsen.

It also advises that workers take more frequent breaks under these high temperature, stressful situations. Employers should provide necessary shade or cooling facilities on-site so workers are able to cool down before re-entering the work-site environment.

Notice the warning signs

Employers and on-site managers should be able to spot dehydration before it becomes an issue. They should also train the workers how to spot the warning signs and establish a “buddy” system where the employees watch out for each other. According it OSHA those most at risk of dehydration are employees:

  • Who are directly under the sun
  • Who are working for hours at a time
  • Who are wearing PPE

Some warnings that workers are dehydrated are:

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Sunken eyes
  • Red face
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Dry mouth
  • Extreme thirst
  • Cool, clammy skin
  • Goosebumps or chills
  • No longer perspiring
  • Dark colored urine

One of the best ways to identify just how much water is needed to replenish dehydrated workers’ fluids is to assess the color of their urine. There are five stages of dehydration based on color, ranging from clear (fully hydrated) to dark yellow (needs water immediately). On the low end of the spectrum, workers should consume 8-12 glasses of water per day. Those who are severely dehydrated should promptly drink a large bottle of water to protect against heat stroke.

When leaving the worksite at the end of the day, workers should be reminded to keep drinking water until their urine is clear, so they will be fully hydrated before retiring for the night.

CALIFORNIA HIGH-SPEED RAIL PROVIDES 4,000 CONSTRUCTION JOBS

July 1st, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

The Covid-19 pandemic has caused a flurry of uncertainty in the California construction industry. Questions have arisen as to whether a project is considered essential, as well as whether a full workforce can be safely maintained.

Amid this crisis, The California High-Speed Rail Authority has continued construction, creating more than 4,000 construction jobs over 119 miles of the high-speed rail project. This has greatly contributed to the local economy as well as helping to support a more stable state economy. This is California’s, and the nation’s, first high-speed rail system. It is currently the biggest infrastructure project in the state – possibly in the country.

The Authority has worked closely with the local trade unions, the State Building and Construction Trades Council and the Fresno Regional Workforce Development Board. With so many out of work, the carpenters, electricians, laborers, ironworkers, operating engineers, and many others on the project feel fortunate to have regular paychecks and steady jobs near home.

The majority of workers are from counties in the Central Valley. Of the 4,000 workers currently on the project, 62 live in Merced County, 223 live in Madera County, 1,969 live in Fresno County, 121 live in Kings County, 395 live in Tulare County, and 572 live in Kern County.

The Authority has operated under the mandate that jobs created by the high-speed rail project must benefit disadvantaged areas through the execution of a Community Benefits Agreement. The 119-mile construction site contains thousands of workers and hundreds of apprentices. According to the Targeted Worker Program included in the Community Benefits Agreement, 30% of all project work hours need to be performed by individuals from disadvantaged communities where annual household incomes range from $32,000 to $40,000.

This critically needed high-speed train will provide a clean, fast mode of mass transit, helping to alleviate the congestion on California’s highways, freeways, and airports. The completed project will contribute significantly to California’s economy, and serve the state’s growing population, while at the same time protecting the environment.

Prepare for Tomorrow – COVID-19 and the Construction Job Outlook

June 1st, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the novel coronavirus virus (COVID-19) has been detected in more than 160 locations internationally, including in the United States. As anyone with a computer or television knows, the number of cases involving person-to-person transmission outside China has been increasing at such a steady rate that the World Health Organization has recently declared the outbreak a pandemic. Each day, the number of confirmed infections rises exponentially. Quite simply, all industries, including retail, hospitality, manufacturing, finance and professional services are suffering and will continue to suffer disruptions not seen in our lifetimes.

Even prior to the pandemic the industry had already been plagued by an aging and ever dwindling skilled labor pool. Construction workers – aging out of the workforce. The average age in construction was 40.4 years in 2008 up four years from 1985. Construction workers overall stop working at an earlier age than other workers. These demographics predict an exodus of experienced workers from the industry in the next decade. In states where there are specific licensing requirements for specialty trades, it is even harder. In an already tightening construction labor market, any further and widespread disruption will have a major impact.

According to a report from the Brookings Institution nearly 3 million infrastructure workers are expected to retire or permanently leave their jobs in the next decade. An aging workforce combined with a lack of visibility, flexible training, or a pipeline of young talent has hit a crisis point, especially for smaller and rural communities where operations are under threat.

The combination of a decreasing pool of skilled workers due to retirements and increasing demand of construction and infrastructure, repair, and development provide the conditions which create opportunity for secure, well-paying careers for young people.

As the economy ramps up in a post-COVID-19 rebuilding, the greatest shortages will occur among skilled construction workers. In a job market likely flooded with unemployed, those people with demonstrable skills will stand out for the better paying positions. For people working in the fields, the key will be the ability to demonstrate skills. Certification offers a clear proof of skills that provides access to the best jobs.

In a state with a massive housing shortage, workers looking ahead and preparing for careers that will flourish in a post-COVID-19, construction trades offer a clear choice.

Construction Safety and Covid-19 in Los Angeles

May 1st, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

Under the California state and local orders, construction is considered an essential occupation and workers are allowed to continue to work during the pandemic. While that may sound like good news, the flip side is that construction workers are at greater risk on the job than those who are laid off, furloughed, or working from home.

Eric Garcetti, the Los Angeles Mayor, has issued detailed orders regarding steps to ensure the health of construction workers during this time. This order provides detailed requirements of construction companies to protect their workers from infection and provides compliance reviews and penalties for failure to implement the standards.

The order, as revised on April 15th , provides 19 standards each company must meet in order to continue to work. Many workers, speaking anonymously, report that the reality on construction sites is that these rules are impossible to implement even by construction supervisors who attempt to do so.

The flow of workers, deliveries, and multi-person tasks compromise the social distancing standard. Staggered arrival and departure schedules are difficult to implement. Disinfecting tools and surfaces is unrealistic as a full safety measure.

A local NBC affiliate filed a report of observations of a number of construction sites and found that social distancing was not observed at any of them. At the SoFi Stadium construction site, two cases of Covid-19 were identified as the 3,000 workers continued work on the “essential site.”

While the order by Mayor Garcetti is an attempt to provide safe working conditions for construction workers caught between the need to work and unemployment, the reality is that workers remain at risk without effective testing protocols.

Workers in the construction industry deserve the same protection as workers in other industries whose functions place them at risk of exposure.

Construction Workers Essential To COVID-19 Fight in California

April 1st, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

At a time when all but essential workers are instructed to stay home, California is recognizing the critical role played by the construction workers. Whether it is housing for the homeless, homes for low income families, home construction to relieve the massive housing shortage in the state, or emergency retooling of hotels and schools to provide hospital services, California has allowed construction workers to continue to assist in solving the state’s most urgent problems.

Nathan Click, spokesperson for the Governor’s Office, noted in an email that the order applies to all workers “except as needed to maintain continuity of operation of the federal critical infrastructure sectors, critical government services, schools, childcare, and construction, including housing construction.” As one official said, “You can’t shelter in place if you have no shelter. In addition to construction projects, the state has recognized as essential those workers who keep buildings functional from hospitals to police stations, nursing homes, and correctional facilities.”

The preparations for an onslaught of coronavirus hospital emergency admission will require a vast number of construction workers to move to these most urgent new projects. As the state moves to acquire hotels, schools and other buildings which can be used as hospitals, there is a sudden surge in the need for skilled workers in every trade. The Governor’s Office also recognized the possibility that trade workers might be essential to conversion of manufacturing facilities to turn out critically needed items for medical care. Union officials noted that construction workers generally work at some distance from each other and much of their work is done in none other than confined spaces. However, the union is instructing workers to take breaks at a social distance of more than six feet, bring their food with them and not to congregate. They have also been instructed to avoid contact with others to reduce risk to themselves and the community. Stay informed and get more information on this trade at Creed LA.

Los Angeles Celebrates Women in Construction

March 5th, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

It is Women in Construction Week March 3 – 5 in Los Angeles to recognize and support the expansion of the participation of women in the construction industry in Los Angeles. It has long been recognized that women represent 47% of the overall workforce but only nine percent of construction employment. This week efforts to address this inequality are recognized and celebrated for the organizations seeking to increase the participation of women in construction trades.

Los Angeles has long been a leader in the movement to improve the representation of women in all phases and levels of the construction industry. Starting in 1961 with 12 women, the National Association of Women in Construction has provided active support for the advancement of women in the construction industry in Los Angeles. They have gained the support of corporations, unions and workers.

Women Build Metro LA (WBMLA) was established in support of Metro’s Project Labor Agreement and Construction Careers Policy mandate. Given that women currently make up less than 3% of the construction trade workforce, the voluntary committee members are passionate about increasing female participation. With emphasis on the construction trades, they are proud to recruit, educate and support womens’ introduction into all aspects of the transportation industry. Although Metro does not hire workers for their construction projects, all of their Prime Contractors have this requirement.

Grassroots organizations support and advocate for women in the trades. Tradeswomen, Inc. was founded in 1979, and for over 40 years has worked on outreach, recruitment, training and retention of women in the trades in Southern California.

Women in Construction Operations (WiOPS) supports mentoring, educating, and networking to develop increased presence of women leadership in construction and are offering a presentation on Wednesday, March 25, 2020.

Winterwomen provides training programs specifically for women to enter the construction industry and helps people prepare for apprenticeship programs with a focused 10 week program of skill development for women and youth from low income backgrounds to enter the construction field.

Training is a vital component of this effort, and the California Apprenticeship Coordinators Association has taken a proactive position in recruiting women for apprenticeship programs around the state. The urgent need for skilled workers in the construction trades creates opportunities for women to enter and advance in the various trades, and the association works to increase the percentage of women in each of its many coordinated apprenticeship programs.

CREED LA would like to applaud these efforts at achieving a more gender equitable society by the corporations, organizations and individuals in Los Angeles.

Sustainable Construction for a Sustainable Future

February 20th, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

In March of 2019, the City of Los Angeles put forth a plan for ensuring the sustainability of all aspects of the city for decades to come. A core element of that plan is working to move to more energy efficient building both through retrofit and change construction design and materials. Building consumes the largest portion of electricity and serves to create a large portion of greenhouse gases. Intelligent, efficient retrofits will reap benefits for years to come in lower energy costs and additional green jobs.

The advantages of green construction fall into three main categories:

  • Environmental Benefits
  • Financial Benefits
  • Social Benefits

Among the benefits of sustainable construction are:

1 COST REDUCTION
Southern California is suffering a major crisis in affordable housing. Sustainable construction can lower housing costs, diminish utility costs, plan for development adjacent to public transportation, and increase the construction of cost efficient housing. The net result of these measures will be to offer residents more housing at affordable rates with lower utility and travel costs.

2. INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY
Researchers have found that living in a environmentally friendly area and working in a green building can improve productivity. The research demonstrates measurable positive impacts on the productivity of workers in such buildings. A study conducted by Harvard researchers demonstrated quantifiable performance improvements attributable to working in a green environment.

3. IMPROVED HEALTH
According to the US Green Building Council, green buildings positively affect public health. Improving indoor air quality can reduce absenteeism and work hours affected by asthma, respiratory allergies, depression and stress and self-reported improvements in productivity. USGBC’s own research reinforces that employees in LEED green buildings feel happier, healthier and more productive.

4. WASTE MINIMIZATION
Operation of standard buildings wastes millions of tons of materials each year, while green building uses fewer resources and minimizes waste. LEED projects are responsible for diverting more than 80 million tons of waste from landfills, and by 2030 that number is expected to grow to 540 million tons.

5. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The use of recycled materials in construction reduces the flow to the waste streams of vast amounts of what otherwise would be construction debris. By offering energy conservation, the energy sources are less taxed, and fewer waste products are discharged into the air. Solar heaters, improved use of water supplies, insulated air conditioning systems and many other practices combine to reduce the adverse impact of buildings on both the environment inside the building and outside.

6. BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE
Whether it is a healthier work environment, more attractive environment, or mass transit options to high stress commutes, sustainable construction offers a clear improvement to the quality of life for all members of the community. Improved health due to safer materials, increased productivity – thanks to better surroundings and more effective noise protection, are only a few of the advantages. Sustainable construction improves the quality of life for all members of the community.

7. JOB EXPANSION
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) has reported that the renewable job sector employed 700,000 more people in 2018 than 2017. In solar power, the industry provided 334,992 jobs in manufacturing and installation. In 2018, wind power jobs increased by 4 percent. The U.S. hydropower industry employed 66,448 people. Between retrofit of existing buildings and construction of new ones, the demand for workers skilled in sustainable construction will provide major increases in employment demand, and with increased demand will come increased compensation and benefits for workers.

Working Dangerously in the Los Angeles Construction Trades

January 7th, 2020 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

The daily newspaper routinely reports construction accidents – one killed and three injured by falling rebar, a trench worker killed by a falling plate, a worker killed in a 53 story fall, and the stories continue.

A National Bureau of Labor Statistics report showed that California ranked second in the number of work related deaths, and that Los Angeles ranked 5th in the entire country. A study published by the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health reveals that construction accidents are the second-leading cause of death for California workers. In the five-year period between 2013 and 2017, there were 309 reported construction-accident deaths in California. On average, one construction worker dies in a work-related accident each week.

The Los Angeles construction industry is booming. From towers and skyscrapers going up on every other block in downtown LA, to huge residential projects across Hollywood, to a $2.5 billion, 80,000-seat stadium in Inglewood, the construction industry is keeping workers busy across the Southland. But with that breakneck level of construction comes the danger of construction accidents as contractors and employers push workers to meet deadlines while trying to meet budgets.

Injuries arise from risks which can be reduced by attention to compliance with federal and state safety laws for working conditions, hours, equipment care and training. Risks in construction work include:

  • Falls (the single greatest risk in construction work)
  • Electrocution and burns
  • Defective or poorly-maintained machinery or tools
  • Trench collapse injuries

Common causes of construction accidents include:

  • Failure to follow federal and state safety laws and guidelines
  • Failure to provide workers with proper safety equipment
  • Extended working hours, leading to worker fatigue and oversight
  • Lack of proper training
  • Lack of employer safety planning

A research project reviewed construction accidents in several cities including Los Angeles, and based on statistical data made a series of recommendations to reduce the frequency of construction worker injuries and death at the design stage.

  • The construction industry should implement the concept of designing for construction safety as a standard practice to reduce safety risks to workers. This process involves recognizing risks and minimizing them in the design phase of each project.
  • Designers should include fall protection in specifications for roofs, skylights, and structural steel construction.
  • Designers should include barriers and other measures that prevent contact with electrical and other utilities.
  • Designers should consider incorporating design-for-safety measures in all types of projects (residential, commercial, and industrial) as well as new projects, renovation, and demolition.
  • Root-cause accident analysis and other accident investigations should routinely consider whether design-for-safety modifications could have prevented the incident.
  • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services should consider broad-based methods and initiatives to integrate the concept of designing for construction safety into construction

State government is active in establishing standards for construction worker safety, and is increasingly vigilant in enforcement. Recent changes in the labor law regarding who is a private contractor and who is an employee will bring many workers under the protection of these labor standards and laws. The progress is valuable, but much more needs to be done before the daily newspaper can stop reporting the deaths and injuries to Los Angeles construction workers.

Construction Worker Safety

December 12th, 2019 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

Construction workers earn a median annual pay of $34,500. This is at a time when a one bedroom apartment rents for about $2,000/month and 3 bedroom for close to $4,000/month. Simply put, construction workers don’t make enough money to live in the buildings they are constructing. To add injury to insult, the work is dangerous as some recent area headlines attest:

Until a new law took effect in California, many construction firms treated workers as Independent Contractors and provided no health insurance or workman’s compensation. Under the new law, there are clear requirements for the proper classification of workers and with it, compensation for on the job injuries. It is unclear how effective the law has been in the short time since it was signed into law or how much employees feel empowered to demand their newly won status.

Construction work is physically demanding, and yet it remains among the least likely to have its workers covered by employer-provided health insurance. Of the 20 professions least likely to have health insurance, 11 of them are in the construction industry, according to MarketWatch. The average uninsured rate for full-time workers in the U.S. is 12%, but the percentage of certain categories of construction workers without health insurance is much higher, including roofers (50.5%); drywall hangers, finishers and ceiling tile installers (49.5%); plasterers and stucco masons (49.1%); fence installers (45.7%); carpet, tile and floor installers (45.2%); painters and paperhangers (43.1%); construction trade helpers (42.8%); installation, maintenance and repair helpers (40.5%); cement masons, concrete finishers and terrazzo workers (38.7%); brick masons, block masons, stonemasons and reinforced iron and rebar workers (38.6%); and laborers (37.5%).

If a construction worker is not injured on the job or does not become ill from the demanding physical conditions of daily work, they arrive at the age when their bodies can no longer handle the rigors of their profession, only to find that their employers owe them nothing for years of work. The Center for Construction Research and Training reports that construction workers are less likely than other workers to be eligible for retirement benefits. From 2000 to 2010, the percentage of wage-and-salary construction employees eligible for retirement benefits of any kind dropped from 46% to 38%, the center reported. That number is surely heading further downward.

While California is experiencing a housing crisis, and a building boom, there is a shortage of skilled workers making a career in the field. The four part whammy of inadequate pay, uncertain classification for worker’s compensation, inadequate or non-existent health insurance and the lack of retirement security make the field unattractive for young people when job choices for young people are expanding and unemployment is at record lows.

Los Angeles Construction Boom Offers Opportunities and Challenges for Construction Workers

November 11th, 2019 Posted by Uncategorized No Comment yet

Downtown Los Angeles is experiencing an explosive growth in construction of retail, commercial, office space and residential projects.

Residential development experienced a growth of almost 3,300 homes completed in 2018, with 7000 more under construction and plans for 35,000 additional units. A massive three million square feet of office space under construction during 2018 combined with over 9,000 new hotel rooms and more than three million square feet of office space. Equivalent growth in retail space adds to the boom.

At the end of 2018, there were almost 3 million square feet of office space under construction in downtown Los Angeles, according to the Downtown Center Business Improvement District’s Q4 2018 Market Report , along with 1.1 million square feet of retail and 1,271 hotel rooms. These numbers pale in comparison to proposed projects, which would add almost 9,500 more hotel rooms, 2.6 million square feet of additional retail and another 3.3 million square feet of office space.

The boom in each of these sectors has accelerated the demand for construction workers in all trades. This might reasonably be expected to result in higher wages and benefits for workers in such high demand. However, a report as of September 22, 2019 shows that the average construction worker in Los Angeles is paid $17.19 per hour. The bottom 10% are paid $12.60 and the top 10% $25.80. With bonuses, the average annual salary ranges from 23,957 – $72,400 with an overall average of about $35,000 before taxes. The average salary of all workers in Los Angeles is $56,000 per year AFTER taxes.

Construction workers fare no better in benefits provided by their employers. A whopping 62% of construction workers report that their employers offer no benefits. 38% of workers receive medical coverage, 15% are covered by dental and vision benefits. Many, if not most, are not offered retirement plans.

Los Angeles ranks in the top 50 most expensive cities to live in in the United States. A one bedroom apartment rents for between $1,700 and $2,200 per month (after tax dollars) and a 3 bedroom apartment runs over $3,900/month. Childcare for preschool costs over $1,000/month. If the worker is in the 62% who receive no benefits, then medical insurance is yet another large cost. Even these basic costs demonstrate that construction salaries fail to yield a livable wage for its workers.

As salaries and benefits fail to keep pace , the construction trades have become less attractive, and employers report difficulty finding trained workers. The solution to the construction crisis in California will be hamstrung until conditions to make construction trades more attractive are established and workers paid a living wage, with adequate benefits, training and retirement.

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